South African Rand’s Rally Hits Road Block

The recent performance of the USDZAR currency pair has been marked by significant fluctuations, drawing considerable attention from traders and analysts alike.  

After enjoying a robust rally spanning three consecutive weeks, the South African Rand encountered a notable setback in the previous week, depreciating against the U.S. Dollar. This depreciation saw the USDZAR currency pair gaining 1.30% last week despite dovish signals from the Federal Reserve. 

The Federal Reserve’s indication of three potential rate cuts this year, highlighted in the Fed Dot plot, initially weakened the U.S. Dollar. However, subsequent upbeat labour market data and dovish economic indicators among major economies bolstered the Dollar’s appeal to markets. Furthermore, lower-than-expected jobless claims underscored the strength of the U.S. labour market, a crucial factor influencing inflation dynamics. 

As attention shifts to the forthcoming South African Reserve Bank’s interest rate decision and the release of the PCE Price Index, the Fed’s preferred inflation gauge, traders remain attentive to potential impacts on the USDZAR pair. These events are expected to provide further insights into the prevailing market sentiments and the currency pair’s direction. 


The recent price action of the USDZAR pair has garnered attention, marked by a notable uptick following back-to-back days of gains to close off the prior week. Currently trading above its 100-day moving average, the pair’s movement suggests a shift in short-term sentiment favouring the upside. 

Initial resistance was encountered as the pair approached the 19.39086 level, coinciding with overbought Relative Strength Index (RSI) conditions, prompting a subsequent selloff. This retreat established the 19.39086 level as a significant resistance point. However, amidst the selloff, the pair found support around the 18.50228 level, aided by oversold RSI conditions and a strengthening U.S. Dollar. 

The pair retraced past key levels and encountered resistance at the 61.80% Fibonacci Retracement Golden Ratio amid overbought RSI conditions. If this Golden Ratio proves to be a formidable barrier, a bearish reversal could materialize, potentially leading to a retest of the 18.50228 support level. Conversely, a breakout above the Golden Ratio, particularly with high volume, could signify robust buying momentum, paving the way for a potential retest of the 19.39086 resistance level.  


Amidst significant fluctuations, the USDZAR pair faces pivotal challenges. Despite dovish signals, recent setbacks for the South African Rand against the U.S. Dollar highlight market uncertainties. With key technical levels such as the 19.39086 resistance and the 18.50228 support in focus, traders await crucial events shaping the near-term trajectory. 

Sources: Federal Reserve, CME, Reuters, TradingView  

Piece Written By Nkosilathi Dube, Trive Financial Market Analyst 

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