Top 40 on Top: Index at a Turning Point

The JSE Top 40 (JSE: J200) faces a delicate balancing act. The South African economy navigates upcoming inflation data and a crucial general election on May 29th. Despite a recent dip, the index remains on course for a fifth consecutive week of gains, buoyed by optimism surrounding a market-friendly election outcome. A tracking poll suggests the governing African National Congress (ANC) may retain power without needing a large coalition, potentially fostering investor confidence.  

However, cautious comments from Federal Reserve officials regarding interest rate cuts have dampened market enthusiasm globally. This, coupled with a weakening South African rand against a strong US dollar, injects uncertainty into the near-term outlook. 

Technical Analysis 

The 4-hour chart shows that the index is currently trading at R73,438.77 within an ascending channel, a bullish technical pattern. The price sits comfortably above the key 20-SMA (green line), 50-SMA (blue line), and 100-SMA (orange line), indicating a positive underlying trend. The 20-SMA has recently crossed above the 50-SMA and 100-SMA in a bullish confirmation known as a “golden cross.” 

Looking ahead, a decisive break above the immediate resistance at R73,899.99 on significant volume could confirm the bullish momentum. This could lead to a test of the major resistance levels at R74,871.95 and R76,000.00 in the short term. 

However, the RSI (relative strength index) sits near overbought territory at 62.99, suggesting a potential pullback. A breach below the initial support level of R71,306.49 on significant volume could signal a bearish reversal. This could open the door for further declines towards R69,849.23 and even R68,397.15. 


The JSE Top 40 Index Futures finds itself at a crossroads. The confluence of pre-election optimism, a robust rand, and a bullish technical structure paints a promising picture. However, caution is warranted due to the potential economic slowdown indicated by the leading economic indicator and the RSI nearing overbought territory. A breakout above R73,899.99 could trigger a bullish surge, while a breakdown below R71,306.49 might signal a bearish correction.  

Sources: TradingView, Trading Economics, Reuters, Money Control. 

Piece written by Mfanafuthi Mhlongo, Trive Financial Market Analyst 

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